επισκόπηση (overview)

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επισκόπηση (overview)

Post  cooki3 on Wed Sep 12, 2012 5:11 pm


Lacedaemon

Sparta (Sparte), or Lacedaemon, is a prominent city-state in ancient Greece, situated on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. It emerged as a political entity around the 10th century BC, when the invading Dorians subjugated the local, non-Dorian population. From c. 650 BC it rose to become the dominant military land-power in ancient Greece. Sparta is unique in ancient Greece for its social system and constitution, which completely focused on military training and excellence.


Religion: Greek gods/goddesses

Population: 3 Million
Laconia:
Spartans (homoi and hypomeioni)- 32,000
Perioikoi (Lakonia & Messenia) - 50,000
Helots (Lakonia & Messenia, Domestic & agricultural-170,000
Total-252,000

2,248,000 Other

Cities: Sparta (capital), Corinth, Messene, Olympia, and Argos

Government: Oligarchy
2 Kings (religious/military leaders) - Pausanias II and Agesilaus II
5 Ephors (elected by citizens and were judicial/veto decision of king/elders)
28 Elders (spartans over the age of 60 who were legislators/veto king/ephors)



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